CBC With Differential / Platelet

CBC is a Complete Blood Count Test. The "Differential" measures the different percentage of each type of different white blood cell in your blood. Platelet refers to the measurement of how many blood cells you have in your blood. The CBC includes 19 "counts" or specific "parts" of the blood that is "counted" or measured and are listed below as a part of your WBC.

Includes the following tests:

WBC - measures your number of White Blood Cells (WBCs). White blood cells help fight infection. A healthy WBC is not too high or too low but falls within the "normal" reference range.

RBC - measures the Red Blood Cells found in your blood, responsible for carrying oxygen to the body.

Hemoglobin - transports oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body, like the muscles, where it releases its load of oxygen.

Hematocrit - measures the proportion of blood volume that is occupied by red blood cells. Red blood cells with a low hematocrit leaves the tissues relatively oxygen-starved and weak. A high hematocrit produces problems as well, but is uncommon.

MCV - the Mean Corpuscular Volumis a measure of the average red blood cell volume. An MCV measurement above or below the "normal" range may suggest some type of anemia.

MCH - the Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin is a measurement of the mass of hemoglobin contained by a red blood cell. An MCH measurement above or below the "normal" range may suggest one of the anemia's.

MCHC - MCHC is the Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration. It is used to assess the possibility of different kinds of anemia's.

RDW - the Red Blood Cell Distribution Width is a measure of the variation of red blood cell width. Usually red blood cells are a standard size. A percentage of blood cells outside the normal ranges suggests a greater variation in size and possible anemia or iron deficiency.

Platelets - measurement of how many blood cells you have in your blood. Platelets help the blood clot.

Neutrophils - a type of white blood cell that is responsible for much of the body's protection against infection.

Lymphs - or Lymphocytes are one of the major white blood cell categories that help the body's "defense system" against germs and foreign invaders.

Monocytes - Monocytes are large, circulating white blood cells that play an important role in killing some bacteria, protozoa, and tumor cells and release substances that stimulate other cells within the immune system.

Eos - a type of white blood cell that may increase because you have allergies or other infections.

Basos - the least common of the white blood cells. They release histamine and other chemicals that act on the blood vessels when the immune response is triggered.

Absolute Counts - actual number of Neutrophils, Lymphs, Monocytes, Eosinophils, and Basophils in your blood.

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Cardiac C-Reactive Protein

C-Reactive Protein (CRP) tests inflammation of the arteries as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

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Comprehensive Metabolic Panel

The Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP) is a group of 16 specific tests. The CMP provides important information about the current status of your kidneys, liver, and electrolyte and acid/base balance as well as your blood sugar and blood proteins

Includes the following tests:

Glucose - This test measures the sugar level in your blood. High values are associated most often with diabetes mellitus and sometimes with other metabolic disease.

BUN - the BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen) test measures the amount of nitrogen in your blood. A BUN test is done to see how well your kidneys are working.

Creatine - produces Creatinine, a molecule of major importance for energy production in muscles. Creatinine serves a vital diagnostic function. Creatinine has been found to be a fairly reliable indicator of kidney function.

Sodium - electrolyte which plays an important role maintaining the normal amount of water and balance of body fluids, including nerve conduction, muscle contraction (including the heart), Blood clotting and pH balance.

Potassium - a blood electrolyte involved with the functioning of nervous tissue and in heart and muscle contraction.

Chloride - an electrolyte involved in maintaining the normal amount of water and the acid-base balance in body fluids.

Carbon Dioxide - a carbon dioxide test measures the total amount of carbon dioxide in your blood. It is often tested if you are having breathing problems.

Calcium - a mineral and necessary for many important bodily functions, including bone formation, muscle contraction and blood clotting.

Total protein - a sum of several different types of proteins found in the blood. Decreased levels may be seen in disease states where malnutrition becomes a problem.

Albumin - the main protein in human blood and the key to the regulation of the osmotic pressure (the movement of water between the bloodstream and tissues) of blood. This test helps assess kidney problems, or if not enough protein is being absorbed by the body.

Bilirubin - results from the breakdown of hemoglobin from red blood cells. A small amount found in the serum is normal. However, a rise in levels will occur if there is excessive destruction of red blood cells, or certain diseases of the liver and biliary system.

Globulin - serum globulin looks at proteins called globulins in the blood. Proteins are made from amino acids and are important parts of all cells and tissues.

Alkaline Phosphate, S - enzyme is found in bone, liver and in the placenta during pregnancy. Abnormal levels may indicate liver or bone disease.

AST (SGOT) - used primarily to diagnose and monitor the course of liver disease in combination with other enzymes.

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The Thyroxine-Stimulating Hormone (TSH) test is used to monitor thyroid function and diagnose thyroid disorders, such as hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. A significant deviation from the normal range may require further evaluation by your physician.

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